Baku - the capital of the Republic of Azerbaijan; The Caucasus region is the largest trade, culture and science center; The biggest port on the Caspian Sea. The city's land area - the area of 130 km 2. Baku is located on the southern shore of the Apsheron Peninsula. The city's antiquity, territory and population is one of the biggest cities in the East. Since 1918, the city of republican subordination. City of 12 administrative districts and 48 villages into the town. Shirvanshakhs Palace, the Old City and Maiden Tower in 2000, have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage list. In January 2015, the city of the "New York Times" newspaper ranked the world's top 51 cities worth visiting. Baku, Azerbaijan, scientific, cultural and industrial center. Many large companies have offices in Baku, Azerbaijan. The starting point of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline in Baku. The distance is 5550 kilometers from Baku to the North Pole, the distance from the equator 4440 kilometers.